Table of Contents
Quotation: Panu Kontio (2013): Introduction to the environmental Impact Area Transport and Energy: http://beta.liaise-toolbox.eu/node/3259
The transport sector contributes to many environmental and social problems: it is one the main causes for poor air quality in urban areas and accounts for 25% of total energy-related CO2 emissions. 93% of CO2 emissions from transport originate from road transport. Greenhouse gas emissions from transport have increased about 25% since 1990 to 2008 in EU27, whereas emissions of several short-lived air pollutants are falling despite a growth in traffic. Transport is also mainly responsible for noise disturbance and fragmentation of natural habitats posing a significant threat to biodiversity. Transport volumes are growing at a rate where many of the improvements brought about by new technology are being partly or fully negated.
Emissions from energy production and use hold a significant share of overall CO2 emissions. In the short run, more environmentally friendly transport modes (such as marine or rail transport) and renewable energy sources (such as solar energy and wind energy) need to be boosted. In general, the widely accepted goal of a decoupling of transport and energy use from GDP growth needs better targeted efforts.
Getting the prices right is of major importance since present price structures favour individual transport. There is slow but positive progress towards restructuring of transport charges. Passenger fares for rail and bus services are, however increasing faster than the cost of private car use favouring private car use over public transport.
More specific Impact Items
The European Commission`s White Paper 2011 sets out the policy goals by 2050 and the policy measures until 2020. The goal is to build a competitive transport system that will increase mobility, remove major barriers in key areas and fuel growth and employment. At the same time, the proposals will dramatically reduce Europe's dependence on imported oil and cut carbon emissions in transport by 60% by 2050.
Another focal point is the promotion of renewable energy sources and sustainable biofuels for the transport sector: by 2020 renewable energy shall provide in minimum 10% of the total energy consumption in transport in the Member States (Directive 2009/28/EC).
The objective of the Energy Efficiency Plan 2011 (COM/2011/0109 final) is to determine actions to use the considerable potential for higher energy savings of buildings, transport and products and processes.
"Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050" shows how the sectors responsible for Europe's emissions - power generation, industry, transport, buildings and construction, as well as agriculture - can make the transition to a low-carbon economy over the coming decades.
This text is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace any reference documents.
Please find here further information on concrete policies.
Legal Basis for the Commission to Act
Freedom of movement for persons and goods is one of the founding principles of the EC. Transport is governed by Title VI (Articles 90 to 100) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
Article 194 of the same Treaty sets out the principles of the European energy policy. The central goals for energy policy are security of supply, competitiveness, and sustainability.
The European Commission, Mobility & Transport: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm
The European Commission, Energy: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/index_en.htm
Summaries of EU legislation on transport, energy and the environment: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/transport/transport_energy_environment/index_en.htm
The European Commission's site on reducing emissions from transport: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/index_en.htm
EU Transport GHG: Routes to 2050: http://www.eutransportghg2050.eu/cms/?flush=1
European Commission (2010). EU energy and transport in figures. Statistical Pocketbook: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/doc/2010_energy_transport_figures.pdf
Panu Kontio (Syke)
Davidsdottir, B. and M. Fisher. 2011. "The odd couple: The relationship between state economic performance and carbon emissions economic intensity. At the Crossroads: Pathways of Renewable and Nuclear Energy Policy in North Africa." Energy Policy 39 (8):4551--62.
Publications and applications
Content for this term
|Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System||Model||2013-11-26 08:29|
|Jacob, Klaus||Expert||2013-03-22 15:39|
|Kontio, Panu||Expert||2013-10-07 09:31|
|Kuldna, Piret||Expert||2014-03-05 09:47|
|Mari Jüssi||Expert||2014-03-17 12:26|
|Nõmmann, Tea||Expert||2014-03-05 09:47|
|Panu Kontio||Expert||2013-10-09 10:36|
|Peterson, Kaja||Expert||2014-03-05 09:38|
|Reis, Stefan||Expert||2013-10-29 13:28|
|Transport and Energy||Impact Area||2014-01-22 16:18|
|Transport and the Use of Energy||Impact Area||2013-05-07 18:31|