The POLES model is a partial equilibrium model for the world energy system up to 2030. The model is constructed at a world level, with detailed treatment of several large countries. POLES connects international, regional and national sub-models. Each region is modelled using four modules: 1) final energy demand by sector; 2) new and renewable energy technologies; 3) the conventional energy and transformation system; and 4) primary energy supply.
The model is mainly used for:
running world energy scenarios (energy demand, supply, trade, prices) by world region;
inter-technology substitution over time;
simulation of CO2 emission constraints and emissions trading;
analysing the impact of technological change on emission baselines and constrained cases.
For each of the 40 world regions considered, the model has four main modules dealing with:
final energy demand by main sector;
new and renewable energy technologies;
the conventional energy and electricity transformation system;
fossil fuel supply
The energy-balance data for the POLES model are extracted from an international energy database, which also includes international macro-economic data, the structure of economic activity, deflators and exchange rates. Technico-economic data (energy prices, equipment rates, costs of energy technologies, etc.) are gathered both from international and national statistics.
The POLES model provides detailed yearly energy forecasts up to 2030:<br />
for 40 countries and world regions;<br />
for 12 sectors;<br />
for 12 renewable-energy technologies and 12 electricity-generation technologies<br />