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Stakeholder involvement in societal decisions


This question aims to capture the extent to which stakeholders participate in the decision-making process. This is clearly a vast area which is subject to a wide range of factors such as different cultures, histories and political systems, but it should be possible to identify changes which might result from a particular initiative. This can be identified, for example, in factors such as the openness of the democratic process and the degree to which new policies or proposals are subject to consultation, formal or informal, with relevant stakeholders. From a stakeholder perspective there arises the issue of empowerment, i.e. ensuring that stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process is effective, in that stakeholders have sufficient access to the process, and sufficient knowledge and other resources to participate effectively.
This text is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace any reference documents. The text is partially adapted from:
Joint Research Council:
Impact Assessment Guidelines (2009):

Guiding Question

Does the option affect the involvement of stakeholders in issues of governance as provided for in the Treaty and the new governance approach?

Relevant Policies

UN/ECE Convention (Aarhus Convention) on access to information, public participation and access to justice in environmental matters (CEC, 1998)
EU-White Paper on Governance (2001)
Convention on the Future of Europe (2001)


Please link to relevant Directorate General Contact Details.

Web Resources

Further sources of data

Please link to other sources of data, e.g. important reports, annual reports etc.  

Further Sources of Information

Public Governance Indicators: A Literature Review (UN 2007)

Eurostat Indicators

There are no Eurostat Structural Indicators directly related to this key question
The following Sustainable Development Indicators (Good Governance) are relevant to address the key question:
 -Level of citizen's confidence in EU institutions
-Voter turnout in national Parliamentary elections
-Voter turnout in EU Parliamentary elections
-E-government on-line availability
-E-government usage by individuals - total

Other Official Indicators

Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) – by the World Bank (

  • Political Stability and Absence of Violence
  • Voice and Accountability
  • Government Effectiveness
  • Regulatory Quality
  • Rule of Law
  • Control of Corruption

Publications and applications

Content for this term

Title Type Updated date
Caroline van Bers Expert 2014-04-28 08:26
Mari Jüssi Expert 2014-03-17 12:26
Reidsma, Pytrik Expert 2014-04-08 17:04
Stakeholder Involvement in Societal Decisions Impact Area 2013-05-28 15:22